September 28, 2023


Just Do Automotive

Proportion of a CITY CAR – ideas on automotive design

3 min read

The aim of this tutorial is to present you an concept of methods to greatest begin a brand new undertaking on the earth of automotive design. Each learners, college students and even professionals really feel the identical difficulties whendrawing a automotive sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than.

The aim of this tutorial is to present you an concept of methods to greatest begin a brand new undertaking on the earth of automotive design. Newcomers, college students, and even professionals alike expertise the identical difficulties when drawing a automotive sort that they’ve by no means drawn earlier than. 

Earlier than beginning a undertaking, it is vitally useful to know the fundamental proportions and hardpoints of the item. Familiarize your self with the package deal and proportions first.

This instance ought to encourage you to investigate the fundamental proportions of various automobile varieties.


All the time concentrate on the aspect view first. The aspect view incorporates all the mandatory info you’ll want to draw a automotive. After internalizing the fundamental proportions, will probably be simpler so that you can get outcomes for the reason that fundamental structure is appropriate. 

For the aim of this tutorial, let’s assume you’ll want to design a metropolis automotive. Within the first image under, you see the identical automotive however with totally different proportions. Their overhang, wheel dimension, and cabin-to-body ratios are totally different.

The automotive will be constructed or designed like these. Nonetheless, between the 2 designs, the higher one is extra convincing. That is primarily as a result of cabin-to-body ratio. To keep away from the error made within the second design and forestall different errors, take a detailed take a look at the proportions.

First, attempt to discover out the size and peak of the automotive. To seek out the right wheelbase, it helps to take one wheel as a base unit. Now you may guess what number of wheels match between the entrance and rear axle.

Additionally, you may see that the overhang of the entrance and rear is about half a wheel. The rear is a bit shorter. The peak is barely multiple wheel.

Within the subsequent step, attempt to get a way of the cabin-to-body ratio. This information is extraordinarily vital as most automobiles are roughly made out of two packing containers, that are the cabin and physique. You must know in what ratio the higher field (cabin) is ready on the decrease field (physique). You’ll by no means go incorrect assuming a 1/3 to 2/3 ratio. Whether or not you might be drawing a aspect view or a perspective view, you need to take note of it.

The roofline of a automotive is normally not straight however follows a dynamic curve. The top of the occupants normally determines the height of the curve. To seek out the placement of the roofline, it helps to attract a straight line down and see in what quantity the road intersects the bottom line.

Subsequent, take a look at the shoulder. You’ll discover that just about each vehicle has a sure angle. This offers the entire automotive a ahead movement and makes it look dynamic even when it isn’t transferring. You’ll be able to emphasize this angle generally extra and generally much less. 

Now, you can too examine the place the entrance gentle and the rear gentle are positioned. In case you draw a vertical line from the start of the sunshine downwards, you’ll see that it overlaps the entrance and rear wheel.

One other vital level is the place of the A-pillar. It provides you details about the angle of the windshield. In case you prolong the A-pillar, you see that it’s tangent to the entrance wheel. The door joint is normally positioned the place the A-pillar begins. On this case, barely offset behind the entrance wheel.

After finishing the steps above, you’ll have an approximate skeleton of the automotive. When drawing your design on this skeleton, you’ll all the time hit the suitable proportions. 

Now, you have got all the knowledge wanted to begin drawing your personal automotive. In case you observe this tutorial, you may you should definitely meet the fundamental package deal and technical necessities of designing a automobile with the suitable proportions. This can make your sketch look convincing and practical.
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